Analysis of the effect of recent reformulation strategies on the crystallization behaviour of cocoa butter and the structural properties of chocolate

Analysis of the effect of recent reformulation strategies on the crystallization behaviour of cocoa butter and the structural properties of chocolate

Chocolate is a posh comfortable materials characterised by stable particles (cocoa powder, milk stable particles and sugar crystals) dispersed in a crystallized fats matrix largely composed of cocoa butter (CB). Important chocolate properties comparable to snap, and visible look are strongly dependent on the inside molecular association (polymorph), measurement and form, in addition to the … Read more

The Arabidopsis CBF gene family is composed of three genes encoding AP2 domain-containing proteins whose expression Is regulated by low temperature but not by abscisic acid or dehydration.

The Arabidopsis CBF gene family is composed of three genes encoding AP2 domain-containing proteins whose expression Is regulated by low temperature but not by abscisic acid or dehydration.

We have recognized two genes from Arabidopsis that present excessive similarity with CBF1, a gene encoding an AP2 domain-containing transcriptional activator that binds to the low-temperature-responsive factor CCGAC and induces the expression of some cold-regulated genes, rising plant freezing tolerance. These two genes, which we’ve got named CBF2 and CBF3, additionally encode proteins containing AP2 … Read more